Chiropractic is a scientific health science concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of functional impairments of the musculoskeletal system as well as its impact on the nervous system and health in general. The examination and treatment procedures are primarily performed manually. The chiropractic adjustment of spine and extremities is an integral part.
Origin and development of chiropractic
The modern Chiropractic was founded in 1895 in Davenport, Iowa (USA) by D.D. Palmer. Today there are about 90.000 chiropractors worldwide in more than 70 countries. In Germany, the German Chiropractors' Association (GCA) was established in 1980. Since then it became a member of the World Federation of Chiropractic“ (WFC) which maintains official contact to the World Health Organization (WHO).
Only university studies entitle to a chiropractic degree. So far, these studies are only possible abroad and take 5 to 7 years. Following the successful completion of the degree, the chiropractor has to further take part in a 1-year continuing education program at a qualified clinic.
The chiropractic treatment consists of
Examination: orthopedic and neurological tests, analysis of diagnostic imaging (e.g. x-ray, MRI, CT), specific chiropractic examinations aiming at biomechanical and neurological function and integrity.
Treatment: Manual therapeutic interventions (e.g. manipulation and mobilization of joints, muscle and soft tissue release techniques), exercise programs, supporting therapies (e.g. physical therapy, bandages, nutritional advice) and advice on related topics (e.g. spinal health, posture, life-style modifications).
Chiropractic thereby assists the body's own healing powers and does neither involve prescription drugs nor surgery. Where necessary, patients will be immediately referred on to other medical specialists.